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Glossary

Medical issues and terms for infants and children that are considered healthy:

Hypertonia 
A condition caused by too much muscle tone which means that arms or legs are stiff and hard to move.

Congenital Syphilis 
An infection seen in infants whose mothers have Syphilis. Often identified because child is not gaining weight, rash, and abnormal teeth.

Inguinal hernia
Occurs when the intestine pushes through a weak part in the lower abdominal wall. Must be treated since it does not get better on its own.

**Gastro-esophageal Reflux 
When food is eaten it goes down to the stomach then returns to the esophagus. Causes heartburn and pain in the chest.

*Broncho-obstructive syndrome:
A condition that causes someone to have difficulty breathing because of narrowing in the respiratory tracts.

Sensory Integration
Sensory processing issues can be caused by difficult pregnancy, birth complications, lengthy hospitalizations, abuse, neglect or trauma. Because of the wide range of causes, there are many children whose lives are significantly altered by their inability to completely understand sensory input from their environment.


​Medical issues for children with medical special needs:

**HIV positive 
Women who have HIV when pregnant pass the disease on to their children. Children with this have a severely weakened immune system, physical growth, and mental development. Treatment includes a heavy load of drugs to lower their viral count.

*Cerebral Palsy 
This disorder comes into being from an injury that happens in the brain either in the womb or in the first 2 years of life while the brain is developing. Cerebral Palsy makes it very difficult to move the parts of the body that it affects and a loss of coordination.

Communicating hydrocephalus 
This translates to being “water in the brain”. There is fluid in the brain that causes children to gaze downward, be irritable, have seizures, be sleepless, and vomit. The cure is surgery to place a shunt in the brain.

Convulsive Syndrome

Necrotizing Enterocolitis
this occurs when the lining in the intestine dies and sheds off. Symptoms include: vomiting, diarrhea, blood in the stool, and lethargy. The cure is to stop feeding and begin the child on antibiotics and a food supplement.

Renovascular Hypertension
When you have high blood pressure because the arteries are smaller than they should be. Symptoms are high blood pressure, kidneys don’t work as well as they should, and narrow arteries throughout the body.

Pulmonary Hypertension
strangely high blood pressure in the heart and in the lungs. The right side of the heart has to work much harder to pump blood because of this. Symptoms are blue lips, dizziness, swelling in legs, fatigue, and weakness.

Drepanocytosis
(also known as Sickle-Cell Disease) This disease is when a persons red blood cells are unusually shaped. This leads to severe infection, chronic anemia, and impairment to body organs.

Spina bifIda 
This condition appears at birth when the backbone and spinal canal is not closed. This can cause partial/full paralysis of the legs, loss of bladder control, and weakness in the lower half of the body.

Congenital Bilateral Perisylvian Syndrome
CBPS is characterized by paralysis in one or both sides of the face, tongue, jaw, and throat. This causes difficulty swallowing, breathing, chewing, and also has been known to cause seizures.

Arachnoid Cysts in Cranial Fossa
The cyst is located in the brain and cases begin infancy but the symptoms sometimes to not appear until later. Symptoms of the cysts are seizures, headaches, pressure on the brain, developmental delay, and more.


*Common

**Very Common

For other special needs definitions, please visit RainbowKids.com.

CONTACT GLADNEY:

Gladney Center for Adoption
6300 John Ryan Drive | Fort Worth, Texas 76132-4122

Headquarters: 817-922-6000 Pregnant?: 1-800-GLADNEY
International Adoptions: 1-800-INT-ADOP
Domestic Adoptions: 1-800-687-3097
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